US LLC for e-Commerce: formation documents

US LLC for e-Commerce: formation documents

The idea of starting a remote company in the US from abroad can be an exciting journey. 

However, the process, especially if you have 0 experience in it, will be overwhelming at some points. 

We went down that road before and went through all the struggles, the confusion, and all the (overwhelming) questions.

Documents for Forming a US LLC

Articles of Organization

The Articles of Organization is the foundational document for your LLC. It’s filed with the state where you’re forming your LLC and includes essential details about your business. 

Basic Information: This document includes your LLC’s name, address, and purpose. Ensure your LLC name is unique and complies with state regulations.

Members’ Details: Lists the names and addresses of the LLC’s members or managers.

Registered Agent: You must designate a registered agent who will receive legal documents on behalf of your LLC.

Filing this document officially creates your LLC in the eyes of the state.   

Operating Agreement

The Operating Agreement is a vital internal document that outlines how your LLC will operate. While not always required by law, it is highly recommended.

Member Roles and Responsibilities: It defines the roles and responsibilities of each member, which helps prevent disputes.

Profit Distribution: This agreement specifies how profits and losses will be divided among members.

Management Structure: It outlines whether your LLC will be managed by members or by appointed managers.

Operational Procedures: Details on how decisions are made, meetings are conducted, and other operational guidelines are included.

Note this, when you have an Operating Agreement in place it ensures your LLC operates smoothly and helps protect your limited liability status.

EIN (Employer Identification Number)

An Employer Identification Number (EIN) is a unique identifier assigned by the IRS. It’s like a Social Security number for your business.

Tax Purposes: An EIN is required to file federal taxes.

Hiring Employees: If you plan to hire employees, you need an EIN.

Opening a Bank Account: Most banks require an EIN to open a business account.

Vendor Relations: Vendors may request your EIN for tax reporting purposes.

Obtaining an EIN is a straightforward process, and it’s free when you apply directly through the IRS.

Registered Agent Service

A registered agent is a person or service that receives legal documents on behalf of your LLC.

Legal Requirement: All LLCs must have a registered agent with a physical address in the state of formation.

Official Correspondence: The registered agent receives important legal documents, such as service of process notices and state correspondence.

– Privacy Protection: Using a registered agent service helps maintain your privacy by keeping your personal address in public records.

Let’s see it this way, when you have a reliable registered agent service, means you never miss important legal notices.

Steps to Form a US LLC as a Foreigner


US LLC for eCommerce formation documents

Choose a State for Your LLC

The first step in forming a US LLC is deciding which state to register in. Each state has different regulations, taxes, and fees, so it’s important to choose wisely.

Popular States: Delaware, Wyoming, and Nevada are popular due to their business-friendly laws and lower fees.

We always recommend Wyoming, unless there is a very strong reason for any other state.

State Requirements: Research the specific requirements for each state, such as annual report fees and franchise taxes.

Business Location: Consider where your primary business operations will occur, as some states may require foreign qualifications if your business operates in multiple states.

File the Articles of Organization

Once you’ve chosen your state, the next step is to file the Articles of Organization.

Prepare Your Documents: Ensure you have all the necessary information, such as your LLC name, address, and registered agent details.

Filing Process: Submit the Articles of Organization to the state’s Secretary of State office. This can usually be done online or by mail.

Filing Fees: Be prepared to pay a filing fee, which varies by state.

After filing, your LLC will be officially recognized by the state.

Draft the Operating Agreement

The Operating Agreement is a critical step, even if it’s not legally required in your state.

Define Roles: Clearly outline the roles and responsibilities of each member.

Set Procedures: Establish procedures for decision-making, profit distribution, and dispute resolution.

Customize Terms: Tailor the agreement to meet your specific business needs and circumstances.

A well-drafted Operating Agreement can prevent future conflicts and ensure smooth operations.

Obtain an EIN

An Employer Identification Number (EIN) is essential for your LLC’s operations.

Apply Online: You can apply for an EIN directly through the IRS website. The application is straightforward and free.

Information Required: Provide details such as your LLC name, formation date, and responsible party information.

Immediate Issuance: Once your application is processed, you’ll receive your EIN immediately.

Having an EIN is necessary for tax reporting, opening a bank account, and hiring employees.

Appoint a Registered Agent

Your LLC must have a registered agent in the state of formation.

Choose Wisely: Select a reliable registered agent who can promptly handle legal documents and official notices.

Service Providers: Many companies offer registered agent services, which can be a convenient option if you don’t have a physical presence in the state.

Maintain Compliance: Ensure your registered agent information is always up-to-date to avoid legal issues.

A professional registered agent service can help you stay compliant and protect your privacy.

Why Choose a US LLC for Your eCommerce Business?

Benefits of a US LLC for Foreigners

Forming a US LLC offers numerous advantages for foreign entrepreneurs. Here are some key benefits:

  • Limited Liability Protection

Your assets are protected from business liabilities. This means if your business faces legal issues, your personal belongings remain safe.

  • Tax Flexibility

A US LLC offers pass-through taxation, meaning profits are taxed only once on your personal tax return. This can simplify your tax obligations compared to other business structures.

  • Ease of Formation and Management

Setting up a US LLC is relatively straightforward. With the right guidance, you can complete the process quickly and efficiently. Once formed, the ongoing administrative requirements are minimal.

  • Business Credibility

A US LLC enhances your business credibility with suppliers, customers, and partners. It shows you are serious about your business and committed to complying with US regulations.

  • Access to the US Market

Forming a US LLC allows you to operate seamlessly in the US market, giving you access to a vast customer base and numerous business opportunities.

How a US LLC Can Boost Your eCommerce Credibility

When you enter a global market, credibility matters. The same goes for the competitive eCommerce space. Here’s how a US LLC can boost your business’s reputation:

  • Trust with Customers

US consumers often prefer dealing with US-based companies. A US LLC assures them of your legitimacy and adherence to local laws.

  • Better Payment Processing Options

With a US LLC, you can access a wider range of payment processors, reducing transaction fees and increasing customer trust.

  • Improved Supplier Relationships

US suppliers are more likely to work with a US-based LLC. This can lead to better terms and faster service, which can be vital for your supply chain.

  • Professional Image

Having a US LLC on your website and business cards gives you a professional image. It shows you are established and reliable, which can attract more customers and partners.

  • Legal and Regulatory Compliance

Operating as a US LLC ensures you comply with US laws and regulations. This reduces legal risks and enhances your business’s credibility.


If there is a sparkle in you for starting a US LLC for your e-commerce business, we encourage you. It can be a rewarding move, offering benefits such as limited liability protection, tax flexibility, and enhanced business credibility. 

While the process may seem overwhelming, understanding the essential formation documents and steps can simplify your journey.

From filing the Articles of Organization to obtaining an EIN and appointing a registered agent, each step is crucial in creating and setting a solid foundation for your business. But, with the right guidance and preparation, you can navigate these requirements smoothly and position your business for success in the competitive US market. 

Our team is from Europe, more specifically the Balkans. We wore your shoes in the past, and we want to give you ‌tailor-made support for your US formation process. 

Grab your free 15-minute 1-on-1 consultation with Petar. 

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